Health, Safety, and Environment

Responsibilities of a Good HAZOP Team Leader

A HAZOP team facilitator is a key person in conducting a successful and effective hazard…

January 12, 2024

Guidelines for Nodes Selection in HAZOP Study

A node is a discrete part of the process or system that has a defined…

January 10, 2024

Crude Oil Types and Properties

Synthetic Crude Oil

Synthetic crude oil, also known as Syncrude, is a type of crude oil that is…

April 12, 2023

Specifications of Russian Crude Oil URALS

URALS crude oil is a type of crude oil that is produced in Russia. It…

March 21, 2023 1 Comment

Refinery Processes

Hydrogen Management in Petroleum Refinery

Hydrogen is one of the most important elements in petroleum refineries, and is in various…

June 15, 2023

Demerization Process

A dimerization process is a form of polymerization that converts two propylene molecules to generate…

March 30, 2023

Hydro Processing

Slurry Phase Hydrocracking Process

A slurry phase reactor (SPR) is used in petroleum refineries for the hydroprocessing of feeds…

September 25, 2023

History of Hydroprocessing

Hydrotreating and Hydrocracking are among the oldest catalytic processes used in petroleum refining. They were…

September 23, 2023

Oil Refining General Topics

What is SCADA and How Does it Work

SCADA stands for “Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition.” It is a type of industrial control…

May 7, 2023

Feedforward, Feedback and Cascade Controls

Feedback Control System A feedback control system is a control system that uses measurements of…

May 6, 2023